Scientific Name: Eriobotrya japonica
Other Names: Japanese medlar, Japanese plum, Chinese plum
Description: Loquats are shaped like Christmas trees, but they have large fuzzy leaves that are green on top and silver underneath. The fruit tastes like a combination of peach and apricot. They are most often eaten fresh, in jellies and in wines. The trees will begin fruiting at just one to two years of age.
Permaculture Uses: The loquat has a high sugar, acid, and pectin content. It is eaten as a fresh fruit and mixes well with other fruits in fresh fruit salads or fruit cups. The fruits are also commonly used to make jam, jelly, and chutney, and are often served poached in light syrup. Firm, slightly immature fruits are best for making pies or tarts. Loquats can also be used to make light wine.
Propagation: Seed, cuttings.
Pollination: The loquat is normally pollinated by bees. Some cultivars are self-infertile and others are only partially self-fertile.
Local Challenges: None noted.