Jaboticaba

Scientific Name: Myrciaria cauliflora

Other Names: Brazilian grapetree

Description: The Jaboticaba is a small bushy tree that has multiple ornate stems. The fruit are grape-like, with a thick skin and melting pulp. They are eaten as fresh fruit, in jams and in wine. They can be frozen whole, to enjoy throughout the year. Because the fruit occurs on the old growth, it is best never to prune them. They are especially cold, hardy plants, and they like a lot of water.

Fun Fact: The Jaboticaba fruit looks like a purple grape and grows on the trunks of the tree.

Permaculture Uses: The fruit is used to make jams, tarts, strong wines, and liqueurs.

Propagation: usually from seed, although grafting, root cuttings and air layering are successful as well.

Pollination: It has been reported that solitary Jaboticaba trees bear poorly compared with those planted in groups, which indicates that cross-pollination enhances productivity.

Local Challenges: None noted.