Muscadine Grape

Scientific Name: Muscadinia Vitus rotundifolia

Description: The muscadine grape is native to the southeastern United States and is found in the wild from Delaware to the Gulf of Mexico, and westward to Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma and Texas. Many older varieties were selections from the wild, but the Georgia Agricultural Experiment Station and the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture have introduced a number of improved varieties that have become standard cultivars.

Permaculture Uses: Edible fruit can also be used for juices and jellies.

Propagation: Cuttings

Pollination: self fertile

Local Challenges: Prefers acidic soil pH 5.5-6.5.

Planted Varieties

Alachua: Muscadine Alachua is a self-fertile cross from the University of Florida. It ripens very uniformly and has a good dry stem scar. Alachua has characteristics that make it mechanically harvestable. It is resistant to Pierce’s disease (PD). The disease resistance and dry stem scar make Alachua an ideal choice for the home garden.