Fig

Scientific Name: Ficus carica

Description: Figs are an Asian species of flowering plant in the mulberry family, known as the common fig. It is the source of the fruit also called the fig, and as such is an important crop in those areas where it is grown commercially. Figs have a rich history and was one of the earliest fruit trees cultivated by primitive peoples. In Mediterranean countries the fig is so widely used that it is referred to as “the poor man’s food.”

Fun Fact: Many figs can only be pollinated by one species of wasp. For example, the strangler fig (Ficus aurea), a Florida native, can only be pollinated by Pegoscapus mexicanus. Fig wasps are very small, about the size of a fruit fly, and most people will never see one. They do not sting. By the time a fig is ripe, the flowers inside have broken down and the crunchy parts you eat are the seeds of the fruit.

Permaculture Uses: The fruit contains significant amounts of calcium, potassium, phosphorus, and iron.

Propagation: Cuttings

Pollination: by wasps. The fig as we eat it is an inside out flower and does not require pollination.

Local Challenges: None noted.

Planted Varieties

Nero: Small, purple-black fruits with a beautiful dark red flesh. Sweet, rich flavor. Has a stable breba crop and will fruit well in short season areas. Closed eye resists fruit rot. Breba crop ripen late June main crop ripe in August