Blueberries

Scientific Name: Cyanococcus

Description: Who hasn’t heard of blueberries? This delicious fruit is fairly easy for the home gardener as long as some basic steps are taken to prepare the soil and maintain the plants.

Permaculture Uses: Fruit is edible and a plants make a nice natural hedge.

Propagation: Seeds, cuttings, layering.

Pollination: Somewhat self pollinating but does better with compatible plants nearby.

Local Challenges: Blueberries require acidic soil so when planting the hole was amended with peat moss. After planting pine bark mulch is placed around the plant and added to as required.

Planted Varieties

Emerald: Emerald is one of few southern highbush that does well for home gardeners. The plants are adaptable to wide range of soils as long as the soil pH is in the correct range. Plants are fast growers with extra large fruit often the size of nickles. Fruit is super sweet and excellent for eating out of hand. Requires 200 to 300 chill hours.

Springhigh: Springhigh was released by the University of Florida in 2004. It has become popular as an earlier-ripening addition to ‘Emerald’ and ‘Jewel’, especially in central and south-central Florida. It blooms about a week and a half before ‘Star’ and begins ripening approximately nine days before ‘Star’. Fruit are large and have excellent flavor, but have less waxy bloom, making them appear darker than average, and fruit are softer than most other commercial cultivars. Requires 200 to 300 chill hours. We are growing these in self watering containers with a 50/50 mix of potting mix and sphagnum moss.

Sunshine Blue: This southern highbush blueberry is an excellent fruiting container plant or short edible hedge. Semi dwarf plants will grow 3-4 feet tall. Leaves are small and pointed, very ornamental. Fruits heavily, nice sweet tart flavor. Requires 150 chill hours.