Scientific Name: Persea americana
Other Names: Alligator Pear
Description: Avacado refers to the tree’s fruit, which is botanically a large berry containing a single large seed. Avocados are commercially valuable and are cultivated in tropical and Mediterranean climates throughout the world.
Permaculture Uses: Fruit is edible with higher fat content than most other fruits.
Propagation: Rootstock grown from seed then grafted with mature growth.
Pollination: Self pollinating.
Local Challenges: Deer like to eat the leaves and rub their antlers on the trunk which can kill the plant.
Bacon: Developed by a farmer, James Bacon, in 1954, Bacon has medium-sized fruit with smooth, green skin with yellow-green, light-tasting flesh. When ripe, the skin remains green, but darkens slightly, and fruit yields to gentle pressure. It is cold-hardy down to −5 °C (23 °F).
Brogden: Possibly a cross between Mexican and West Indian types, ‘Brogden’ originated as a seedling grown in Winter Haven, Florida, on the property of Tom W. Brogden. The variety was recognized for its cold-hardiness to −5 °C (23 °F) and became commercially propagated as nursery stock for home growing. It is noted for its dark purple skin at maturity.